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  V. Kantor. Russian Philosophy in Germany: the Problem of Perception (Letters of Fedor Stepun from American archives)
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V. Kantor. Russian Philosophy in Germany: the Problem of Perception (Letters of Fedor Stepun from American archives)

The paper deals with two interrelated problems. The first one may be defined as the problem of survival, in a dignified way, which faced the Russian exile thinkers in Germany around 1920-1930, where dignified means implying a tremendous spiritual effort to remain on the level of their own intellectual achievement accomplished back in Russia, and even, in some respects, to surpass it. The second problem is related to the Russian philosophers’ endeavour to transmit their exceptional, as far as the beginning of the 20th century is concerned, spiritual experience to the country which has given them refuge. Europe, however, has preferred to neglect this experience and to fall eventually into the nightmare of Nazism. The main subject of Stepun’s letters to Franck, here published for the first time, are the conditions which would make it possible for the Russian texts (first of all the texts by Franck himself) to appear in the European press. The publication of this correspondence demonstrates how difficult it was for the Russian emigrant thought to enter the European intellectual space.